Whenever you are storing objects with a market value, security is necessary. This applies to barter systems as well as economies using currency as a medium of exchange. While banks store balances on a private ledger, cryptocurrencies store balances under unique addresses on a distributed public ledger. The cryptographic private keys to access the balance stored on each public address are therefore the object of value in this system. This section of the documentation discusses different practical methods of keeping these keys safe in wallets, while still remaining useful for day-to-day needs.
For safety, it is not recommended to store significant funds on exchanges or software wallets. If you are holding cryptocurrency worth more than the device you use to store it, you should purchase a hardware wallet.
Dash Core Wallet¶
Dash Core Wallet is the full official release of Dash, and supports all Dash features as they are released, including InstantSend and PrivateSend, as well as an RPC console and governance features. Dash Core Wallet (sometimes known as the QT wallet, due to the QT software framework used in development) is a professional or heavy wallet which downloads the full blockchain (several GB in size) and can operate as both a full node or masternode on the network. Because of the requirement to hold a full copy of the blockchain, some time is required for synchronisation when starting the wallet. Once this is done, the correct balances will be displayed and the functions in the wallet can be used. Dash Core Wallet is available for macOS, Linux, Raspberry Pi and Windows.
- Wallet encryption
- Coin control and fee control
- QR code generation and address book
- Masternode commands and voting
- Automated backup
- Debug console
Dash Electrum Wallet¶
Dash Electrum is a light wallet which uses powerful external servers to index the blockchain, while still securing the keys on your personal computer. Transactions are verified on the Dash blockchain using a technique called Secure Payment Verification (SPV), which only requires the block headers and not the full block. This means that wallet startup is almost instant, while still keeping your funds secure and mobile. Dash Electrum also supports advanced InstantSend, PrivateSend and masternode features.
Dash Electrum is a fork of the Electrum wallet for Bitcoin. While this documentation focuses on using Dash Electrum, full documentation of all Bitcoin Electrum features (mostly identical in Dash Electrum) is available at the official documentation site.
Dash Android Wallet¶
Dash offers a standalone wallet for Android, with development supported by the Dash budget. The Dash Android Wallet supports advanced Dash features, including contact management and InstantSend. You can scan and display QR codes for quick transfers, backup and restore your wallet, keep an address book of frequently used addresses, pay with NFC, sweep paper wallets and more.
Dash Android Wallet
Dash iOS Wallet¶
Dash offers a standalone wallet for iOS, with development supported by the Dash budget. The official Dash Wallet supports advanced Dash features such as InstantSend sending and receiving. You can also scan and display QR codes for quick transfers and backup your wallet using a secure recovery phrase.
Dash iOS Wallet
Dash Paper Wallet¶
The Dash Paper Wallet generator allows you to generate, encrypt and secure the keys to a single Dash address on a clean computer without ever connecting to the internet. Perfect for long term secure storage.
A hardware wallet is a type of device which stores private keys for a blockchain in a secure hardware device, instead of in a database file such as wallet.dat used with common software wallets. This offers major security advantages over software wallets, as well as practical benefits over paper wallets. To date, there is no verifiable evidence of hardware wallets being compromised by viruses, and they are also immune to keylogger attacks that could be used to steal passwords to unlock the private keys used with software wallets.
Hardware wallets function by storing your private keys in a protected area of a microcontroller. It is impossible for the private key to leave the device in plain text - only the signed output of the cryptographic hash is ever transmitted to the device interacting with the blockchain, such as your computer or smartphone. Most hardware wallets feature a screen which allows you to independently confirm the address you are sending to is correct.
This section lists the most common commercial hardware wallets supporting Dash, although some other enthusiast projects may also be available.
Third Party Wallets¶
These wallets have been developed by external developers to support Dash. Many third party wallets support multiple different cryptocurrencies at the same time, or integrate instant cryptocurrency exchanges.
Web wallets are services which keep a Dash balance for you, while maintaining control of the private keys on your behalf. Any Dash stored on exchanges falls under this category, but there are also some services able to store Dash for you through simple Google/Facebook login systems. Be extremely careful with web storage, as your Dash is only as secure as the reputation of the company storing it for you. A particular exception is MyDashWallet.org, which provides a secure web interface to the Dash blockchain while leaving you with full control of your private keys.
Text wallets (or SMS wallets) allow users without smartphones or internet access to transact in Dash using text messages on simple feature phones. Innovative shortcodes, usually in collaboration with national mobile service providers, make it relatively simple to create transactions to both send and receive Dash.