Configuración

La configuración de un masternode requiere una comprensión básica de Linux y la tecnología de la cadena de bloques, así como la capacidad de seguir las instrucciones de cerca. También requiere un mantenimiento regular y una seguridad cuidadosa, especialmente si no estás almacenando tus Dash en una billetera de hardware. Hay algunas decisiones que se tomarán en el camino, y pasos adicionales opcionales que tomar para una mayor seguridad.

Commercial masternode hosting services are available if you prefer to delegate day-to-day operation of your masternode to a professional operator. When using these hosting services, you retain full control of the 1000 DASH collateral and pay an agreed percentage of your reward to the operator. It is also possible to delegate your voting keys to a representative, see the governance documentation for more information.

Antes de comenzar

This guide assumes you are setting up a single mainnet masternode for the first time. If you are updating a masternode, see here instead. You will need:

  • 1000 Dash
  • Una billetera para guardar tus Dash, preferiblemente una billetera de hardware, aunque la billetera Dash Core también es compatible
  • Un servidor Linux, preferiblemente un Servidor Privado Virtual (VPS)

Dash 0.13.0 and later implement DIP003, which introduces several changes to how a Dash masternode is set up and operated. While this network upgrade was completed in early 2019, a list of available documentation appears below:

This documentation describes the commands as if they were entered in the Dash Core GUI by opening the console from Tools > Debug console, but the same result can be achieved on a masternode by entering the same commands and adding the prefix ~/.dashcore/dash-cli to each command.

Configurar tu VPS

A VPS, more commonly known as a cloud server, is fully functional installation of an operating system (usually Linux) operating within a virtual machine. The virtual machine allows the VPS provider to run multiple systems on one physical server, making it more efficient and much cheaper than having a single operating system running on the «bare metal» of each server. A VPS is ideal for hosting a Dash masternode because they typically offer guaranteed uptime, redundancy in the case of hardware failure and a static IP address that is required to ensure you remain in the masternode payment queue. While running a masternode from home on a desktop computer is technically possible, it will most likely not work reliably because most ISPs allocate dynamic IP addresses to home users.

We will use Vultr hosting as an example of a VPS, although DigitalOcean, Amazon EC2, Google Cloud, Choopa and OVH are also popular choices. First create an account and add credit. Then go to the Servers menu item on the left and click + to add a new server. Select a location for your new server on the following screen:

../_images/setup-server-location.png

Pantalla de selección de ubicación del servidor Vultr

Select Ubuntu 20.04 x64 as the server type. We use this LTS release of Ubuntu instead of the latest version because LTS releases are supported with security updates for 5 years, instead of the usual 9 months.

../_images/setup-server-type.png

Pantalla de selección del tipo de servidor Vultr

Selecciona un tamaño de servidor que ofrezca al menos 2 GB de memoria.

../_images/setup-server-size.png

Pantalla de selección del tamaño del servidor Vultr

Ingresa un nombre de alojamiento y una etiqueta para tu servidor. En este ejemplo usaremos dashmn1 como nombre de alojamiento.

../_images/setup-server-hostname.png

Nombre dealojamiento del servidor de Vultr & pantalla de selección de etiqueta

Vultr ahora instalará tu servidor. Este proceso puede tardar unos minutos.

../_images/setup-server-installing.png

Pantalla de instalación del servidor Vultr

Haz click en Administrar cuando la instalación esté completa y toma nota de la dirección IP, el nombre de usuario y la contraseña.

../_images/setup-server-manage.png

Pantalla de administración del servidor Vultr

Configurar tu sistema operativo

Comenzaremos por conectarnos a tu servidor recién provisto. En Windows, primero descargaremos una aplicación llamada PuTTY para conectarnos al servidor. Ve a la Página de descargas de PuTTY y selecciona el instalador MSI apropiado para tu sistema. En Mac o Linux puedes escribir ssh directamente desde el terminal - simplemente escribe ssh root@<server_ip> e ingresa tu contraseña cuando se le solicite.

../_images/setup-putty-download.png

Página de descargas de PuTTY

Haz doble click en el archivo descargado para instalar PuTTY, luego ejecuta la aplicación desde tu menú de Inicio. Ingresa la dirección IP del servidor en el campo Nombre de alojamiento y haz click en Abrir. Puedes ver una advertencia de certificado, ya que esta es la primera vez que te conectas a este servidor. Puedes hacer click con seguridad en Si para confiar en este servidor en el futuro.

../_images/setup-putty-alert.png

Alerta de seguridad de PuTTY cuando te conectas a un nuevo servidor

Ahora estás conectado a tu servidor y deberías ver una ventana de terminal. Comienza por iniciar sesión en tu servidor con el usuario root y la contraseña proporcionada por tu proveedor de alojamiento.

../_images/setup-putty-connect.png

Desafío de contraseña al conectarte a tu VPS por primera vez

Deberías cambiar inmediatamente la contraseña de raíz y almacenarla en un lugar seguro para mayor seguridad. Puedes copiar y pegar cualquiera de los siguientes comandos seleccionándolos en tu navegador, presionando Ctrl + C, luego cambiando a la ventana PuTTY y haciendo click derecho en la ventana. El texto se pegará en la ubicación actual del cursor:

passwd root

Ingresa y confirma una nueva contraseña (preferiblemente larga y aleatoriamente generada). A continuación crearemos un nuevo usuario con el siguiente comando, reemplazando <username> con un nombre de usario de tu elección:

adduser <username>

Se te solicitará una contraseña. Ingresa y confirma usando una nueva contraseña (diferente a tu contraseña de raíz) y guárdala en un lugar seguro. También verás solicitudes de información del usuario, pero esto se puede dejar en blanco. Una vez que el usuario ha sido creado, lo agregaremos al grupo sudo para que puedan ejecutar comandos como raíz:

usermod -aG sudo <username>

Ahora, aunque todavía como raíz, actualizaremos el sistema desde el repositorio de paquetes de Ubuntu:

apt update
apt upgrade

El sistema mostrará una lista de paquetes actualizables. Presiona Y y Entrar para instalar los paquetes. Ahora instalaremos un firewall (y algunos otros paquetes que utilizaremos más adelante), agregaremos memoria de intercambio y reiniciaremos el servidor para aplicar las actualizaciones necesarias del kernel, y luego nos conectaremos a nuestro nuevo entorno seguro como el nuevo usuario:

apt install ufw python virtualenv git unzip pv

(presiona Y y Entrar para confirmar)

ufw allow ssh/tcp
ufw limit ssh/tcp
ufw allow 9999/tcp
ufw logging on
ufw enable

(presiona Y y Entrar para confirmar)

fallocate -l 4G /swapfile
chmod 600 /swapfile
mkswap /swapfile
swapon /swapfile
nano /etc/fstab

Agregua la siguiente línea al final del archivo (presiona la pestaña para separar cada palabra/número), luego presiona Ctrl + X para cerrar el editor, luego presiona Y y Entrar para guardar el archivo .

/swapfile none swap sw 0 0

Finally, in order to prevent brute force password hacking attacks, we will install fail2ban and disable root login over ssh. These steps are optional, but highly recommended. Start with fail2ban:

apt install fail2ban

Crea un nuevo archivo de configuración:

nano /etc/fail2ban/jail.local

Y paga en la configuración a continuación:

[sshd]
enabled = true
port = 22
filter = sshd
logpath = /var/log/auth.log
maxretry = 3

Then press Ctrl + X to close the editor, then Y and Enter save the file. Retart and enable the fail2ban service:

systemctl restart fail2ban
systemctl enable fail2ban

Siguiente, abre el archivo de configuración SSH para deshabilitar registro de root por SSH:

nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Locate the line that reads PermitRootLogin yes and set it to PermitRootLogin no. Directly below this, add a line which reads AllowUsers <username>, replacing <username> with the username you selected above. Then press Ctrl + X to close the editor, then Y and Enter save the file.

Reinicia el servidor:

reboot now

PuTTY se desconectará cuando el servidor se reinicie.

While this setup includes basic steps to protect your server against attacks, much more can be done. In particular, authenticating with a public key instead of a username/password combination and enabling automatic security updates is advisable. More tips are available here. However, since the masternode does not actually store the keys to any Dash, these steps are considered beyond the scope of this guide.

Enviar garantía

A Dash address with a single unspent transaction output (UTXO) of exactly 1000 DASH is required to operate a masternode. Once it has been sent, various keys regarding the transaction must be extracted for later entry in a configuration file and registration transaction as proof to write the configuration to the blockchain so the masternode can be included in the deterministic list. A masternode can be registered from a hardware wallet or the official Dash Core wallet, although a hardware wallet is highly recommended to enhance security and protect yourself against hacking. This guide will describe the steps for both hardware wallets and Dash Core.

Opción 1: enviar desde una billetera de hardware

Set up your Trezor using the Trezor wallet at https://wallet.trezor.io/ and send a test transaction to verify that it is working properly. For help on this, see this guide - you may also choose to (carefully!) add a passphrase to your Trezor to further protect your collateral. Create a new account in your Trezor wallet by clicking Add account. Then click the Receive tab and send exactly 1000 DASH to the address displayed. If you are setting up multiple masternodes, send 1000 DASH to consecutive addresses within the same new account. You should see the transaction as soon as the first confirmation arrives, usually within a few minutes.

../_images/setup-collateral-trezor.png

Pestaña de recepción en la billetera Trezor que muestra la garantía recibida con éxito de 1000 DASH

Una vez que aparece la transacción, haz click en el código QR a la derecha para ver la transacción en la cadena de bloques. Manten esta ventana abierta mientras completamos los siguientes pasos, ya que pronto necesitaremos confirmar que existen 15 confirmaciones, como se muestra en la siguiente captura de pantalla.

../_images/setup-collateral-blocks.png

El explorador Trezor de la cadena de bloques muestra 15 confirmaciones para la transferencia de garantías

Mientras esperamos 15 confirmaciones, descarga la última versión de la herramienta Dash Masternode (DMT) desde la página de lanzamientos de GitHub aquí. Descomprime y ejecuta el archivo. La siguiente ventana aparecerá.

../_images/setup-collateral-dmt-start.png

Pantalla de inicio de la herramienta Dash Masternode

Click the third button from the left Check Dash Network Connection in the top left corner of the main window to verify that the connection is working. Then connect your Trezor device and click the next button Test Hardware Wallet Connection to verify the Trezor connection is working.

../_images/setup-collateral-connection.png
../_images/setup-collateral-hardware.png

Herramienta Dash Masternode confirmaciones exitosas de conexión

We will now use DMT to enter some basic information about the masternode and extract the transaction ID. Carry out the following sequence of steps as shown in this screenshot:

../_images/setup-collateral-dmt-steps.png

Pasos de configuración de la Herramienta Dash Masternode

  1. Haz clic en el nuevo botón.
  2. Ingresa un nombre para tu masternode. El nombre del servidor que especifica para tu VPS es una buena opción.
  3. Enter the IP address of your masternode. This was given to you by the VPS provider when you set up the server. Then enter the TCP port number. This should be 9999.
  4. Click Locate collateral to view unused collateral funding transactions available on the connected hardware wallet. Select the address to which you sent 1000 Dash and click Apply. The Collateral address, path, Collateral TX hash and index fields should be filled automatically.
../_images/setup-collateral-dmt-ready.png

Dash Masternode Tool with masternode configuration

Deja DMT abierto y continua con el siguiente paso: instalando Dash Core en su VPS.

Opción 2: enviar desde la billetera Dash Core

Abre la billetera Dash Core y espera a que se sincronice con la red. Debería verse así esto cuando esté lista:

../_images/setup-collateral-dashcore.png

Billetera Dash Core totalmente sincronizada

Click Tools > Debug console to open the console. Type the following command into the console to generate a new Dash address for the collateral:

getnewaddress
yiFfzbwiN9oneftd7cEfr3kQLRwQ4kp7ue

Take note of the collateral address, since we will need it later. The next step is to secure your wallet (if you have not already done so). First, encrypt the wallet by selecting Settings > Encrypt wallet. You should use a strong, new password that you have never used somewhere else. Take note of your password and store it somewhere safe or you will be permanently locked out of your wallet and lose access to your funds. Next, back up your wallet file by selecting File > Backup Wallet. Save the file to a secure location physically separate to your computer, since this will be the only way you can access our funds if anything happens to your computer. For more details on these steps, see here.

Now send exactly 1000 DASH in a single transaction to the new address you generated in the previous step. This may be sent from another wallet, or from funds already held in your current wallet. Once the transaction is complete, view the transaction in a blockchain explorer by searching for the address. You will need 15 confirmations before you can register the masternode, but you can continue with the next step at this point already: generating your masternode operator key.

../_images/setup-collateral-blocks.png

El explorador Trezor de la cadena de bloques muestra 15 confirmaciones para la transferencia de garantías

Instalar Dash Core

Dash Core es el software que está detrás de la billetera Dash Core GUI y Dash masternodes. Si no muestra una GUI, se ejecuta como un daemon en tu VPS (dashd), controlado por una interfaz de comando simple (dash-cli).

Open PuTTY or a console again and connect using the username and password you just created for your new, non-root user. The following options are available for installing a Dash masternode:

Manual installation

To manually download and install the components of your Dash masternode, visit the GitHub releases page and copy the link to the latest x86_64-linux-gnu version. Go back to your terminal window and enter the following command, pasting in the address to the latest version of Dash Core by right clicking or pressing Ctrl + V:

cd /tmp
wget https://github.com/dashpay/dash/releases/download/v0.16.0.1/dashcore-0.16.0.1-x86_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz

Verify the authenticity of your download by checking its detached signature against the public key published by the Dash Core development team. All releases of Dash are signed using GPG with one of the following keys:

curl https://keybase.io/codablock/pgp_keys.asc | gpg --import
curl https://keybase.io/pasta/pgp_keys.asc | gpg --import
wget https://github.com/dashpay/dash/releases/download/v0.16.0.1/dashcore-0.16.0.1-x86_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz.asc
gpg --verify dashcore-0.16.0.1-x86_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz.asc

Create a working directory for Dash, extract the compressed archive and copy the necessary files to the directory:

mkdir ~/.dashcore
tar xfv dashcore-0.16.0.1-x86_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz
cp -f dashcore-0.16.0/bin/dashd ~/.dashcore/
cp -f dashcore-0.16.0/bin/dash-cli ~/.dashcore/

Crea un archivo de configuración usando el siguiente comando:

nano ~/.dashcore/dash.conf

Aparecerá una ventana del editor. Ahora necesitamos crear un archivo de configuración que especifique varias variables. Copia y pega el siguiente texto para comenzar, luego reemplaza las variables específicas a tu configuración de la siguiente manera:

#----
rpcuser=XXXXXXXXXXXXX
rpcpassword=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
rpcallowip=127.0.0.1
#----
listen=1
server=1
daemon=1
#----
#masternodeblsprivkey=
externalip=XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX
#----

Reemplaza los campos marcados con XXXXXXX de la siguiente manera:

  • rpcuser: ingresa cualquier cadena de números o letras, no se permiten caracteres especiales
  • rpcpassword: ingresa cualquier cadena de números o letras, no se permiten caracteres especiales
  • externalip: esta es la dirección IP de tu VPS

Leave the masternodeblsprivkey field commented out for now. The result should look something like this:

../_images/setup-manual-conf.png

Introducción de datos de llave en dash.conf en el masternode

Presiona Ctrl + X para cerrar el editor y Y y Entrar para guardar el archivo. Ahora puedes comenzar a ejecutar Dash en el masternode para comenzar la sincronización con la cadena de bloques:

~/.dashcore/dashd

Verás un mensaje que dice Servidor de Dash Core comenzando. Ahora instalaremos Sentinel, un software que funciona como un perro guardián para comunicar a la red que tu nodo funciona correctamente:

cd ~/.dashcore
git clone https://github.com/dashpay/sentinel.git
cd sentinel
virtualenv venv
venv/bin/pip install -r requirements.txt
venv/bin/python bin/sentinel.py

Veras un mensaje que dice dashd no esta sincronizada con la red! Espere que este completa la sincronización antes de ejecutar Sentinel. Agrega dashd y sentinel a crontab para asegurar que se ejecuten cada minuto para verificar su masternode:

crontab -e

Elije nano como tu editor e ingresa las siguientes lineas al final del archivo:

* * * * * cd ~/.dashcore/sentinel && ./venv/bin/python bin/sentinel.py 2>&1 >> sentinel-cron.log
* * * * * pidof dashd || ~/.dashcore/dashd

Presiona entrar para asegurarte de que haya una línea en blanco al final del archivo, luego presiona Ctrl + X para cerrar el editor y Y y Entrar para guardar el archivo. Ahora debemos esperar a que se completen 15 confirmaciones de la transacción de garantía, y esperar a que la cadena de bloques termine de sincronizarse en el masternode. Puedes usar los siguientes comandos para monitorear el progreso:

~/.dashcore/dash-cli mnsync status

Cuando se completa la sincronización, deberías ver la siguiente respuesta:

{
  "AssetID": 999,
  "AssetName": "MASTERNODE_SYNC_FINISHED",
  "AssetStartTime": 1558596597,
  "Attempt": 0,
  "IsBlockchainSynced": true,
  "IsSynced": true,
  "IsFailed": false
}

Continue with the next step to construct the ProTx transaction required to enable your masternode.

Registra tus masternodes

DIP003 introduced several changes to how a masternode is set up and operated. These changes and the three keys required for the different masternode roles are described briefly under DIP003 Masternode Changes in this documentation.

Option 1: Registering from a hardware wallet

Go back to DMT and ensure that all fields from the previous step are still filled out correctly. Click Generate new for the three private keys required for a DIP003 deterministic masternode:

  • Llave privada del dueño
  • Llave privada del operador
  • Llave privada votando
../_images/setup-dmt-full.png

Dash Masternode Tool ready to register a new masternode

Then click Register masternode. Optionally specify a different Payout address and/or Operator reward, then click Continue. Select Remote Dash RPC Node (automatic method). (See here for documentation on using your own local RPC node.) and confirm the following two messages:

../_images/setup-dmt-send.png
../_images/setup-dmt-sent.png

Dash Masternode Tool confirmation dialogs to register a masternode

The BLS private key must be entered in the dash.conf file on the masternode. This allows the masternode to watch the blockchain for relevant Pro*Tx transactions, and will cause it to start serving as a masternode when the signed ProRegTx is broadcast by the owner, as we just did above. Log in to your masternode using ssh or PuTTY and edit the configuration file as follows:

nano ~/.dashcore/dash.conf

The editor appears with the existing masternode configuration. Add or uncomment this lines in the file, replacing the key with your BLS private key generated above:

masternodeblsprivkey=24c1fa3c22c6ea6b1cc68a37be18acb51042b19465fe0a26301c8717bf939805

Press enter to make sure there is a blank line at the end of the file, then press Ctrl + X to close the editor and Y and Enter save the file. Note that providing a masternodeblsprivkey enables masternode mode, which will automatically force the txindex=1, peerbloomfilters=1, and prune=0 settings necessary to provide masternode service. We now need to restart the masternode for this change to take effect. Enter the following commands, waiting a few seconds in between to give Dash Core time to shut down:

~/.dashcore/dash-cli stop
sleep 15
~/.dashcore/dashd

At this point you can monitor your masternode by entering ~/.dashcore/dash-cli masternode status or using the Get status function in DMT. The final result should appear as follows:

../_images/setup-dash-cli-start.png

dash-cli masternode status output showing successfully registered masternode

En este punto, puedes cerrar la sesión de tu servidor de manera segura escribiendo salir. ¡Felicitaciones! Tu masternode ahora se está ejecutando.

Option 2: Registering from Dash Core wallet

Identifica la transacción de financiamiento

Si utilizaste una dirección en la billetera Dash Core para tu transacción de garantía, ahora necesitas encontrar el txid de la transacción. Haz click en Herramientas > Consola de depuración e ingresa el siguiente comando:

masternode outputs

This should return a string of characters similar to the following:

{
"16347a28f4e5edf39f4dceac60e2327931a25fdee1fb4b94b63eeacf0d5879e3" : "1",
}

The first long string is your collateralHash, while the last number is the collateralIndex.

Genera un par de llaves BLS

A public/private BLS key pair is required to operate a masternode. The private key is specified on the masternode itself, and allows it to be included in the deterministic masternode list once a provider registration transaction with the corresponding public key has been created.

If you are using a hosting service, they may provide you with their public key, and you can skip this step. If you are hosting your own masternode or have agreed to provide your host with the BLS private key, generate a BLS public/private keypair in Dash Core by clicking Tools > Debug console and entering the following command:

bls generate

{
  "secret": "395555d67d884364f9e37e7e1b29536519b74af2e5ff7b62122e62c2fffab35e",
  "public": "99f20ed1538e28259ff80044982372519a2e6e4cdedb01c96f8f22e755b2b3124fbeebdf6de3587189cf44b3c6e7670e"
}

These keys are NOT stored by the wallet and must be kept secure, similar to the value provided in the past by the masternode genkey command.

Agrega la llave privada para la configuración de masternodes

The public key will be used in following steps. The private key must be entered in the dash.conf file on the masternode. This allows the masternode to watch the blockchain for relevant Pro*Tx transactions, and will cause it to start serving as a masternode when the signed ProRegTx is broadcast by the owner (final step below). Log in to your masternode using ssh or PuTTY and edit the configuration file as follows:

nano ~/.dashcore/dash.conf

The editor appears with the existing masternode configuration. Add or uncomment this line in the file, replacing the key with your BLS private key generated above:

masternodeblsprivkey=395555d67d884364f9e37e7e1b29536519b74af2e5ff7b62122e62c2fffab35e

Press enter to make sure there is a blank line at the end of the file, then press Ctrl + X to close the editor and Y and Enter save the file. Note that providing a masternodeblsprivkey enables masternode mode, which will automatically force the txindex=1, peerbloomfilters=1, and prune=0 settings necessary to provide masternode service. We now need to restart the masternode for this change to take effect. Enter the following commands, waiting a few seconds in between to give Dash Core time to shut down:

~/.dashcore/dash-cli stop
sleep 15
~/.dashcore/dashd

We will now prepare the transaction used to register the masternode on the network.

Prepara una transacción de ProRegTx

A pair of BLS keys for the operator were already generated above, and the private key was entered on the masternode. The public key is used in this transaction as the operatorPubKey.

First, we need to get a new, unused address from the wallet to serve as the owner key address (ownerKeyAddr). This is not the same as the collateral address holding 1000 Dash. Generate a new address as follows:

getnewaddress

yfgxFhqrdDG15ZWKJAN6dQvn6dZdgBPAip

This address can also be used as the voting key address (votingKeyAddr). Alternatively, you can specify an address provided to you by your chosen voting delegate, or simply generate a new voting key address as follows:

getnewaddress

yfRaZN8c3Erpqj9iKnmQ9QDBeUuRhWV3Mg

Then either generate or choose an existing address to receive the owner’s masternode payouts (payoutAddress). It is also possible to use an address external to the wallet:

getnewaddress

yjZVt49WsQd6XSrPVAUGXtJccxviH9ZQpN

You can also optionally generate and fund another address as the transaction fee source (feeSourceAddress). If you selected an external payout address, you must specify a fee source address.

Either the payout address or fee source address must have enough balance to pay the transaction fee, or the register_prepare transaction will fail.

The private keys to the owner and fee source addresses must exist in the wallet submitting the transaction to the network. If your wallet is protected by a password, it must now be unlocked to perform the following commands. Unlock your wallet for 5 minutes:

walletpassphrase yourSecretPassword 300

We will now prepare an unsigned ProRegTx special transaction using the protx register_prepare command. This command has the following syntax:

protx register_prepare collateralHash collateralIndex ipAndPort ownerKeyAddr
  operatorPubKey votingKeyAddr operatorReward payoutAddress (feeSourceAddress)

Abre un editor de texto tal como un bloq de notas para preparar este comando. Reemplaza cada argumento para los comandos siguientes:

  • collateralHash: The txid of the 1000 Dash collateral funding transaction
  • collateralIndex: The output index of the 1000 Dash funding transaction
  • ipAndPort: Masternode IP address and port, in the format x.x.x.x:yyyy
  • ownerKeyAddr: The new Dash address generated above for the owner/voting address
  • operatorPubKey: The BLS public key generated above (or provided by your hosting service)
  • votingKeyAddr: The new Dash address generated above, or the address of a delegate, used for proposal voting
  • operatorReward: The percentage of the block reward allocated to the operator as payment
  • payoutAddress: A new or existing Dash address to receive the owner’s masternode rewards
  • feeSourceAddress: An (optional) address used to fund ProTx fee. payoutAddress will be used if not specified.

Note that the operator is responsible for specifying their own reward address in a separate update_service transaction if you specify a non-zero operatorReward. The owner of the masternode collateral does not specify the operator’s payout address.

Ejemplo (elimina salto de lineas de copiado):

protx register_prepare
  16347a28f4e5edf39f4dceac60e2327931a25fdee1fb4b94b63eeacf0d5879e3
  1
  45.76.230.239:19999
  yfgxFhqrdDG15ZWKJAN6dQvn6dZdgBPAip
  99f20ed1538e28259ff80044982372519a2e6e4cdedb01c96f8f22e755b2b3124fbeebdf6de3587189cf44b3c6e7670e
  yfRaZN8c3Erpqj9iKnmQ9QDBeUuRhWV3Mg
  0
  yjZVt49WsQd6XSrPVAUGXtJccxviH9ZQpN
  yR83WsikBaBaNusTnHZf28kAcL8oVmp1TE

Salida:

{
  "tx": "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",
  "collateralAddress": "yjSPYvgUiAQ9AFj5tKFA8thFLoLBUxQERb",
  "signMessage": "yjZVt49WsQd6XSrPVAUGXtJccxviH9ZQpN|0|yfgxFhqrdDG15ZWKJAN6dQvn6dZdgBPAip|yfRaZN8c3Erpqj9iKnmQ9QDBeUuRhWV3Mg|ad5f82257bd00a5a1cb5da1a44a6eb8899cf096d3748d68b8ea6d6b10046a28e"
}

Next we will use the collateralAddress and signMessage fields to sign the transaction, and the output of the tx field to submit the transaction.

Firma la transacción ProRegTx

We will now sign the content of the signMessage field using the private key for the collateral address as specified in collateralAddress. Note that no internet connection is required for this step, meaning that the wallet can remain disconnected from the internet in cold storage to sign the message. In this example we will again use Dash Core, but it is equally possible to use the signing function of a hardware wallet. The command takes the following syntax:

signmessage collateralAddress signMessage

Ejemplo:

signmessage yjSPYvgUiAQ9AFj5tKFA8thFLoLBUxQERb yjZVt49WsQd6XSrPVAUGXtJccxviH9ZQpN|0|yfgxFhqrdDG15ZWKJAN6dQvn6dZdgBPAip|yfRaZN8c3Erpqj9iKnmQ9QDBeUuRhWV3Mg|ad5f82257bd00a5a1cb5da1a44a6eb8899cf096d3748d68b8ea6d6b10046a28e

Salida:

II8JvEBMj6I3Ws8wqxh0bXVds6Ny+7h5HAQhqmd5r/0lWBCpsxMJHJT3KBcZ23oUZtsa6gjgISf+a8GzJg1BfEg=

Ingresa el mensaje firmado

We will now submit the ProRegTx special transaction to the blockchain to register the masternode. This command must be sent from a Dash Core wallet holding a balance on either the feeSourceAddress or payoutAddress, since a standard transaction fee is involved. The command takes the following syntax:

protx register_submit tx sig

Donde:

  • tx: The serialized transaction previously returned in the tx output field from the protx register_prepare command
  • sig: The message signed with the collateral key from the signmessage command

Ejemplo:

protx register_submit 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 II8JvEBMj6I3Ws8wqxh0bXVds6Ny+7h5HAQhqmd5r/0lWBCpsxMJHJT3KBcZ23oUZtsa6gjgISf+a8GzJg1BfEg=

Salida:

aba8c22f8992d78fd4ff0c94cb19a5c30e62e7587ee43d5285296a4e6e5af062

Your masternode is now registered and will appear on the Deterministic Masternode List after the transaction is mined to a block. You can view this list on the Masternodes -> DIP3 Masternodes tab of the Dash Core wallet, or in the console using the command protx list valid, where the txid of the final protx register_submit transaction identifies your masternode.

At this point you can go back to your terminal window and monitor your masternode by entering ~/.dashcore/dash-cli masternode status or using the Get status function in DMT.

En este punto, puedes cerrar la sesión de tu servidor de manera segura escribiendo salir. ¡Felicitaciones! Tu masternode ahora se está ejecutando.